The inventory of butterflies started in 2009 by the National Biodiversity Institute (INBio), together with the Local para-taxinomist Julian Solano Salazar. The same was done by monitoring work in 2011 with collaborators from the National Museum. For the monitoring they have used different methods of which we can highlight the light trap and fruit trap. The latter method is being used as part of a systematic sampling performed every month where Julian compares understory species from the canopy. It has the objective of having annual data on the dynamics of populations of different species, and as well as completing a record of the diversity of the site.
Currently there have been 175 species of butterflies (Table 4), divided into 14 subfamilies and 27 tribes. Within this list will have many important records of rare butterflies, we can highlight the appearance of the species Tetrisia florigera which last saw in Costa Rica 98 years ago and the species Dynastor macrosiris which is a new record for the country.
Regarding moths the National Museum has been responsible for conducting the listings. In its preliminary diversity report, Veragua Rainforest delivers the following results: “In this group of butterflies are two main groups: the Sphingidae family of which have been recorded 41 species belonging to 15 genera and two subfamilies. The most diverse genus is Xylophanes with 10 species, followed by Callionima with 4 species.
It was particularly interesting kadeni Oryba species, because it represents a new species for the collection of the National Museum of Costa Rica. The other family is Saturnidae which have been registered 25 species belonging to five subfamilies and 18 genera. The most diverse genus with five species is Automeris. Of interest was the beprea Oxytenis species, a new species representing a new species for the museum’s collection ¨.Butterfly list